Alopecia is a pathological condition in which a person develops partial or complete baldness. Such a problem, as a rule, indicates various diseases developing in the body. According to statistics, in the overwhelming majority of cases, people over 50 suffer from alopecia. However, now more and more alopecia appears in young patients who have not yet reached 20 years old. People, faced with such an ailment, are in no hurry to visit a doctor, hoping for “miraculous” cosmetics. However, health can be restored only after the root cause of the disease has been eliminated. Only a professional doctor can cope with this, who will develop an individual treatment for the patient.

Symptoms of the disease

Hair loss is not only a serious cosmetic problem, but it can also be a cause of moral turmoil. There are several types of alopecia, the symptoms of which vary. Most often, people are diagnosed with a focal form of the disease. The symptoms of this type of alopecia are as follows:

hair falls out of certain areas of the body;
the affected area is slowly increasing;
baldness foci are round;
the hair around the affected area becomes thinner.
After a while, new hair may appear at the site of the baldness focus, but it also quickly falls out. In this case, the pathological area increases. If such a problem is not dealt with, then alopecia can acquire a total character. In this case, the hair on the body begins to fall out, as well as the eyelashes and eyebrows of a person.

Alopecia areata is called idiopathic trichoclasia. With this form of alopecia in humans, hair does not fall out, but breaks off at a length of 1 to 1.5 cm. This type is observed, as a rule, on the parietal and frontal parts of the head.

Causes of alopecia

Various factors can provoke the appearance of the problem. Hair loss can be associated with both severe stress and serious illness. The causes may vary, depending on what is causing the alopecia. For example, the androgenic type of disease associated with hormonal disorders in the body can be triggered by:

ovarian hyperplasia;
overgrowth of the adrenal cortex;
polycystic ovary;
taking certain medications.
Disseminated hair loss is common. If this type of alopecia is diagnosed, then its causes may be as follows:

radiation therapy;
poisoning of the body;
fungal mycosis;
taking anticancer drugs.

If a person has shiny skin areas on his head that lack hair, then we are talking about cicatricial alopecia. With such a problem, there are simply no hair follicles on the affected area. This type of alopecia can be caused by the following reasons:

cutaneous leishmaniasis;
herpes infection;
basal cell carcinoma;

Which doctor treats the disease?

You will not be able to overcome alopecia on your own. This can only be achieved thanks to professional doctors who will quickly find the causes of the problem and eliminate them. Doctors such as the following will help to cope with baldness:


In addition, people with alopecia may need to consult a venereologist, gynecologist, oncologist, and endocrinologist. At the first appointment, the doctor will carefully examine the patient and listen to all of his complaints. To compile a complete clinical picture of the disease, the doctor will ask:

How long have you noticed that your hair is falling out?
Did your close relatives have similar problems?
Do you suffer from chronic diseases?
Are you taking any medications?
Are there any other health complaints?
What have you been sick with recently?

The information obtained from the patient during the interview helps the doctor to quickly recognize the true causes of baldness. In order to confirm the doctor’s preliminary diagnosis, the patient is referred for a comprehensive examination. It includes an analysis of hormones, a study of the functions of the thyroid gland, a biopsy of the skin, a spectral examination of the hair. Only after receiving the results of all diagnostic procedures, the doctor can start therapy.

Treatment methods

Only a highly qualified specialist can prescribe an effective therapy for baldness. As a rule, if alopecia is diagnosed, then several specialists make up its treatment. Dermatologists, gynecologists, endocrinologists and psychotherapists can work together. The main task of the specialists is to eliminate the causes of baldness. Techniques differ depending on the type of alopecia. For the treatment of the nested form of the disease, the following are used:

drugs that affect microcirculation in tissues;
hormonal drugs.

If a patient has been diagnosed with seborrheic alopecia, then its treatment begins with the appointment of antiadrogenic therapy. For almost any form of the disease, experts recommend the following procedures:

ultraviolet radiation;

The treatment that alopecia requires can last for months or even years. If the scalp lesions are extensive, then they can be eliminated only by strictly observing all the doctor’s prescriptions. Hormones help restore active hair growth. However, not everyone can accept them. In the most severe cases, it is suggested to return the patient to normal condition with the help of hair transplantation.


Many people believe that in order not to face alopecia, it is necessary to start using various synthetic shampoos and masks in advance of the problem. However, this approach is absolutely wrong. The substances contained in such preparations only contribute to the destruction of hair. If you want to keep your thick hair for a long time, then you need:

avoid stress;
wash your hair no more than 2-3 times a week;
treat all diseases in a timely manner;
eat properly;
limit the use of a hair dryer, pads;
observe a rest and sleep regimen.

If you are worried that you may develop alopecia, then you do not need to start treatment yourself. It is best to trust the professionals who will select effective preventive cosmetics for you.