Memory loss occurs in one form or another in almost every person. Usually, in a state of severe stress, people act “on autopilot”, and then they cannot remember certain events. This condition also occurs after drinking a lot of alcohol. Partial or complete memory loss is a separate group of ailments. Amnesia can develop due to neurological or psychiatric factors. However, many experts believe that this phenomenon should still be attributed exclusively to the category of symptoms, for example, traumatic brain injury.

Amnesia symptoms

Memory loss is fairly easy to diagnose even on your own. This is due to the fact that the signs of malaise are usually overt. If a person has already begun amnesia, it can be established by symptoms of the following nature:

False memories appear. A person who cannot reproduce any events in his memory is forced to replace them. Instead of real actions, words, deeds, he will invent others, often completely opposite ones.
The loss of memory spans a certain period of time. It can occur after an injury or during a sharp deterioration in health due to any ailment.
It is difficult for the patient to remember certain events. For example, a person may forget the name of a doctor or medications prescribed to him.
Sometimes not only the main signs of amnesia appear, the symptoms can signal an underlying ailment. For example, with a head injury, in addition to memory loss, dizziness and confusion begin. With psychogenic factors in the development of amnesia, a person may be disturbed by convulsions, arrhythmia, fluctuations in blood pressure.


The development of amnesia occurs due to disturbances in the work of certain parts of the brain. For example, the hippocampus or temporal lobe, as well as other mediobasal areas. Both external and internal factors lead to anomalies. The main causes of amnesia include:

circulatory disorders in the brain area;
severe mental shock, such as the death of a loved one,
car accident, problems in personal life, etc .;
traumatic brain injury;
poisoning with various hazardous substances, as well as alcohol in large quantities;
vitamin B1 deficiency;
inflammatory processes in the brain area;
Korsakov’s syndrome, characteristic of those who abuse alcohol;
accumulation of amyloid (a special protein) in the brain.

Also, amnesia can be caused by reasons associated with tumor processes in the body. Especially if neoplasms form in the brain. The risk of memory loss is great with epilepsy, atherosclerosis, oxygen starvation.

Which doctor will help?

When the main signs of malaise appear, you should not hesitate and make an appointment with doctors of the following specialties:


These specialists will diagnose and prescribe the treatment that will maximize the effect. To determine the causes of the ailment at the reception, the following questions will be asked:

When did you first notice memory loss?
Can you remember the events that took place several years ago?
Have you noticed that your perceptions of the past differ from information received from other people?
Have you had any serious ailments lately?
Have you had any head injuries?
How often can you not remember information that is insignificant in volume?
Are you taking strong medications?
How often do you drink alcohol?
Are you experiencing severe headaches?
Have you had any memory loss before?
What events preceded your memory problems?

EEG and CT directions are often given to confirm the diagnosis. The first method is needed to assess the activity of different parts of the brain. For example, if the hippocampus is damaged, the EEG will show it. Computed tomography, as well as MRI, helps to study the brain in layers. Such examinations clearly demonstrate areas with foci of circulatory disorders, as well as thinning of the cerebral cortex.

Effective treatments

Treatment options depend on many factors, especially what caused the condition. To prevent memory loss from happening again, you should:

Refuse drugs that affect the activity of certain areas of the brain. In particular, replace antidepressants or antipsychotics with other drugs.
Take vitamin B1 if your doctor determines that your body is deficient in this element.
Follow your doctor’s advice regarding drug therapy. Usually, nootropics, vasoactive drugs, neutrotrophics, etc. are prescribed.
Also, experts recommend for amnesia, regardless of what causes it, to follow these recommendations:

solve crosswords;
control blood pressure;
give up smoking and alcohol;
eat properly;
engage in oral counting;
walk for at least two hours a day;
regularly attend classes with a psychologist.

Types of amnesia

Memory loss is especially common in young children. Scientists have found that preschoolers aged 5 to 7 years old retain about 70% of their early life memories. By the age of 9, this figure is already 35%. Thus, experts have identified the term “childhood amnesia.” It is characteristic only for a certain age, does not occur in adults. As for other types of amnesia, they should be divided into categories, depending on the time of memory loss, the timing of the development of malaise, psychogenic factors.

According to the duration of memory loss, the following are distinguished:

Acute form of the disease. It usually develops due to injuries, poisoning with toxic substances. It doesn’t last long.
Chronic. This condition develops slowly, usually due to a serious brain disorder. Dementia and circulatory disorders also lead to problems.
By time intervals, the types of amnesia are divided into:

Congrad type. Memory loss is characteristic only for the peak state of any disease. For example, due to a head injury. Also, amnesia can be caused by a sharp jump in body temperature, problems with the gastrointestinal tract, and other conditions dangerous to health.
Anterograde type. After recovery or injury, a person may temporarily lose their memory.
Retrograde type. The patient does not remember what happened until the moment he got sick or suffered a head injury.
According to the psychogenic type of reason, there are three types of amnesia:

Post-hypnotic. The patient does not remember what happened during the hypnosis session. This is a fairly common occurrence.
Fugovaya. It is interesting in that a person completely changes his lifestyle. He forgets about his past and even the present, takes a new name and surname, moves to another city. Sometimes a split personality occurs.
Hysterical. Appears only as a result of severe stress. Cases have been recorded when the patient unconsciously blocked certain memories, as they caused him too much suffering.