An infectious disease, during which inflammation of the tonsils occurs, is commonly called tonsillitis in medical practice. In the people, this ailment is known as sore throat. Almost every person has encountered this disease at least once in his life. However, this problem most often occurs in children under 6 years of age. This acute disease causes inflammation in the tonsils, tissues of the soft palate, and nearby lymph nodes. Tonsillitis is considered a dangerous ailment, as it causes serious complications that affect blood vessels, heart, joints and muscles.
The name of the disease comes from the Latin word angere, which translates as “squeeze”, “squeeze”. Most likely this is due to the fact that at the last stage, angina causes the following symptoms: a decrease in the lumen of the throat and a deterioration in respiratory function.
At the very beginning of the development of the disease, all its symptoms strongly resemble an acute respiratory viral infection. A person suddenly becomes ill, his temperature rises sharply. In adults, it ranges from 38 to 39˚C. In babies, the body temperature can reach 40-41 degrees Celsius, which makes it very difficult for children to tolerate the disease. The following symptoms of sore throat join the malaise:
sore throat and sore throat;
swollen lymph nodes;
acute sore throat;
redness and swelling of the tonsils;
All signs of a sore throat, as a rule, occur simultaneously and within a short period of time. The patient has severe redness of the tonsils. They can also be coated with plaque. By its color and prevalence, as well as the presence of abscesses, one can determine the type of disease:
Small foci of white plaque indicate follicular sore throat.
A solid white bloom indicates a fibrous type of disease.
Small blisters filled with fluid that cover the tonsils are symptoms of herpes-type sore throat.
Gray or greenish-yellow color of the plaque indicates the development of an ailment of the necrotic ulcerative type.
A white-yellow loose coating in the form of a film, covering the tonsils, signals a lacunar sore throat.
The disease is caused by various bacteria, viruses and fungi. The causative agents of the disease can enter the human body by airborne droplets or through common household items (dishes, cutlery, towels). Specialists highlighting the most common causes of angina, they call infection:
The causes of sore throat also include severe local or general hypothermia. Pathogenic microorganisms can be in the human body for a long time, but they manifest themselves only against the background of a decrease in the protective forces of immunity. The intensive development of the disease is also facilitated by such factors as chronic diseases of the oropharynx and nasopharynx (rhinitis, sinusitis, sinusitis) and dental caries.
Angina is referred to as seasonal ailments. The peak incidence occurs in the autumn-winter period. It is then that the body is most weakened. However, local hypothermia in the summer can also cause illness. In children, it often develops after they drink ice cold water or eat a lot of ice cream in the heat.
Which doctor treats angina?
With timely treatment started, the disease can be overcome in the shortest possible time. Within a week, a person will be able to return to a full life. If you suspect that you have a sore throat, you observe its symptoms, then you should immediately consult a doctor such as:
This specialist will help to recognize the type of ailment and prescribe an effective treatment. To do this, the doctor will examine the patient. He will assess the condition of his tonsils, their size and the extent of plaque.
Also, at the first appointment, the doctor is obliged to ask the patient a few questions. The doctor will ask:
How long ago did the sore throat begin, and what are its symptoms?
Does a person have chronic diseases?
Is the patient taking any medications?
Did he try to overcome the disease on his own?
What has the patient been ill with recently?
Have you come into contact with sick people?
The survey helps the doctor draw up a complete clinical picture of the disease. To confirm the diagnosis, the specialist will prescribe several procedures for the patient. The person will need to pass blood and urine tests. Also, a throat smear will be taken from the patient. This study allows you to identify the causative agent of sore throat as accurately as possible.
The patient will also be offered an electrocardiogram. This is necessary in order to eliminate the risk of complications. In some cases, the otolaryngologist may advise the patient to consult an infectious disease specialist. Only after studying all the test results, the doctor prescribes treatment. For each patient, the types of therapy are selected on a strictly individual basis.
What if not treated?
The need for urgent treatment of the disease is due to the fact that serious complications can develop against its background. Many people who show signs of sore throat try not to change their usual way of life. They carry the disease “on their feet”, that is, they work, go about their business. As a result, it is this attitude towards one’s health that causes serious consequences.
People who do not treat angina can provoke the transition of tonsillitis from an acute form to a chronic one. In this case, the tonsils cease to perform their protective functions. Coping with this form of the disease is much more difficult. Chronic tonsillitis causes the following symptoms:
intoxication of the body;
temperature rise (no more than 38 degrees);
pain in the region of the heart.
It is possible to cope with the disease, but this process is very long and difficult. Sometimes conservative therapy fails to overcome the chronic form of tonsillitis. In this case, the person will be offered surgery. Removal of palatine tonsils is carried out today only in the most difficult cases. An operation is assigned if:
The recurrence rate reaches 3 times a year.
Conservative methods do not bring the desired effect.
There is a risk of developing diseases of the kidneys, heart, blood vessels.
The patient has peri-rectal or pharyngeal abscesses.
Complications of untreated sore throat
It is very important to complete the full course of therapy for tonsillitis. Untreated sore throat often causes serious complications in the heart, kidneys, liver and other organs. Doctors identify the following most common consequences of this disease:
Such problems develop due to the fact that a person, after starting taking antibiotics, begins to feel better and does not continue treatment. As a result, the weakened infection begins to get used to the drug. As a result, the agent loses its effectiveness, and bacteria begin to multiply again. The development of the disease is rapid, and at the same time the body directs all its forces to fight the infection. As a result, heart valves and joints are severely affected. The following diseases develop:
Sore throat is even more difficult to tolerate when signs of intoxication of the body appear. The waste products of bacteria that cause disease, as well as massively dying antibodies and cells of the human body, exert a strong load on the kidneys and liver. These organs, which are designed to eliminate toxins, simply cannot cope with this amount of work. As a result, this leads to the appearance of diseases such as:
Both young children and adults can get a complication after a sore throat. But for babies, such consequences of ineffective treatment can be fatal. Therefore, it is very important, when the sore throat has shown the first signs, to start therapy, to comply with bed rest and strictly follow all the doctor’s recommendations.