Osteoarthritis is a dangerous disease in which the cartilage tissue between the joints is destroyed and the bones are deformed. As a rule, this pathology affects patients over the age of 45. Due to the peculiarities of the physique, women suffer from arthrosis more often than men. It is noteworthy that in the early stages the disease is practically asymptomatic, but subsequently, due to joint damage, the limb can completely lose the ability to move. If you do not prescribe timely treatment of arthrosis, it goes into a severe stage. In this case, irreversible degenerative-dystrophic changes occur in the bones and cartilage tissues, and the patient remains disabled.
Among patients who are interested in whether arthrosis of the joints of the limbs can be cured, the most common are hairdressers, salesmen, car drivers and programmers. These people spend a lot of time standing or sitting at a computer or driving a car. Dancers, movers, builders, athletes also experience a great deal of stress on the joints. One of the first signs of arthrosis is pain and a characteristic crunch that occurs when trying to move a limb. Often, unpleasant sensations radiate to other areas. When the weather changes, patients often notice an exacerbation of the pain syndrome. There may be swelling or swelling around the joint. In the later stages, bone deformity becomes noticeable.
There are several factors that cause the development of arthrosis. They can be associated with a local pathological process or systemic disease. The most common causes of arthrosis are:
circulatory disorders, in which the nutrition of the cartilage tissue deteriorates;
diabetes and other endocrine diseases;
injuries, dislocations, fractures;
lack of minerals in the body;
violation of posture;
arthritis and synovitis;
previous surgery on the joints;
The manifestations of the disease can differ significantly at its different stages. So, with early arthrosis of the elbow joint, the symptoms are rather weak, only a few patients begin treatment in such cases. The majority, however, perceive the discomfort in the elbow as a residual phenomenon of the injury. With arthrosis of the 2nd degree, muscle atrophy begins. Perhaps the appearance of a crunch when bending the arm, convulsions often appear and severe pain constantly torments. It is with this form of arthrosis that the patient usually understands that it is necessary to visit a doctor. If the pathology passes to the 3rd stage of development, then the pains become unbearable, the hand is practically immobilized. These patients need surgery.
Which doctor treats arthrosis?
Discomfort in the area of the joints, which worries for a long time, is a reason to consult a specialist. Usually, the following doctor is involved in the treatment of arthrosis:
During the examination, the doctor will definitely ask the patient a number of questions. Their goal is to determine the clinical picture of the disease as accurately as possible. Questions can be as follows:
Does the patient suffer from diseases of the endocrine system, for example, diabetes mellitus?
Have there been any trauma, injury or surgery in the painful area recently?
Does the patient have chronic joint diseases?
What kind of life does the patient lead? Osteoarthritis often occurs in those who, due to their professional activities, experience increased stress on the joint.
How to treat arthrosis at home
To prevent further degenerative-dystrophic changes in the joints, it is necessary to apply complex therapy. Before treating arthrosis at home, you should definitely consult with a specialist. He can prescribe drug therapy, as well as special exercises aimed at strengthening muscles and improving blood circulation. Pharmaceutical drugs can help relieve pain and repair damaged cartilage tissue.
Effective treatment of arthrosis of the joints
The sooner the patient seeks medical help, the more chances that arthrosis of the joints treated by a specialist will be eliminated at an early stage. For this, in addition to prescribing drugs, the following methods are used:
Microwave therapy. Thanks to it, the nutrition of bones, periarticular tissues and the synovial bag improves.
Ultrasound therapy. It allows you to relieve pain.
Electrophoresis. With the help of a weak current, pain relievers are injected under the skin.
Applications. To stimulate the restoration of cartilage tissue, the local temperature in the joint area is increased. For this, silt, peat mud and paraffin are used.
Barotherapy. It improves blood flow to the joint area.
Synovial fluid prosthesis. A substance based on hyaluronic acid is injected into the joint cavity. This protects the cartilage tissue from destruction.
What not to do
Often, patients who are interested in whether it is possible to cure arthrosis on their own resort to dubious methods. In many cases, this only exacerbates the situation. With arthrosis, you can not:
Massage the affected area on your own. This often provokes inflammation of the joint.
Use medications without a doctor’s prescription. The danger is that arthrosis is easily confused with other systemic and infectious diseases.
Follow a diet not agreed with your doctor. The affected joints need a regular supply of nutrients. If their quantity is insufficient, the restoration of cartilage tissue may be delayed.
For further treatment of arthrosis https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Osteoarthritis and prevention of the development of pathology, it is necessary to adhere to some medical recommendations. Disease prevention means:
Loss of excess weight. It is he who causes increased pressure on the joints.
Wearing comfortable shoes.
Physical activity. When sedentary work, it is necessary to take breaks and warm-ups as often as possible.
Elimination of stress.
Swimming in the pool will relieve the spine and joints. A proper diet low in fat will prevent arthrosis. It is also necessary to observe the mode of wakefulness and sleep.