Asthenia is considered one of the most common syndromes encountered in medical practice. It is a psychopathic disorder that develops gradually in the patient and is accompanied by severe fatigue. This problem is also called asthenic syndrome. It can accompany many different diseases, as well as manifest itself immediately after the patient recovers. Asthenia is prescribed by many doctors for the first manifestations of serious neurological and mental ailments. In order to prevent the deterioration of a person’s condition, such a syndrome must be fought. And you need to entrust this to experienced specialists.
It is imperative to be able to distinguish this syndrome from simple fatigue. Asthenia never occurs against the background of mental or physical overstrain, non-observance of sleep patterns, change of time zones. Such fatigue can disappear after a short rest of a person. The syndrome persists for quite a long time: from a couple of weeks to several years. Asthenia provokes the following symptoms:
loss of appetite.
The main symptom of a disease such as asthenia is fatigue. It arises very quickly, forcing a person to postpone their affairs. Even after rest, the feeling does not leave the patient. Physical work becomes a truly painful task. When it comes to mental work, then a person in most cases complains about:
Problems with performing everyday work cause the patient to feel his own inadequacy. Because of this, asthenia causes symptoms that indicate psychoemotional disturbances. In this case, a person becomes aggressive, quick-tempered, irritable. The mood of a patient suffering from asthenia can change dramatically. He is often haunted by a feeling of anxiety, worried about depression and hypochondriacal neuroses are observed.
Causes of the disease
Experts say that asthenic syndrome develops against the background of severe depletion of the higher nervous system. Various diseases can provoke the appearance of such a problem. Doctors note that the syndrome develops:
with metabolic disorders;
due to insufficient intake of nutrients into the body;
against the background of injuries of the nervous system.
Somatic ailments often cause the development of such a syndrome. Several groups of diseases can provoke the appearance of asthenia. This symptom accompanies:
diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
diseases of the cardiovascular system;
postoperative recovery period;
functional disorders of the kidneys;
pathology of the respiratory tract.
Asthenic syndrome can occur after myocardial infarction, gastritis, tuberculosis. Quite often, such a problem arises among workaholics and careerists who see the meaning of their lives in work. At the same time, they often deny themselves adequate rest, which leads to depletion of the body.
Doctors distinguish two types of asthenia: organic and functional. In the first case, we are talking about a syndrome that develops against the background of diseases and injuries that entailed degenerative changes in the brain. If the patient is worried about functional asthenia, then both the symptoms and its treatment will differ significantly from the organic one. This problem develops as a defense reaction of the body to severe stress or depression.
Which doctor treats asthenia?
Such a seemingly not serious syndrome can cause a significant deterioration in the quality of human life. Therefore, people with such a problem should turn to specialists for help. The following specialists can find out what triggers asthenia, recognize its symptoms and prescribe treatment:
Depending on what triggered the onset of the syndrome, you may also need to consult a gastroenterologist, gynecologist, cardiologist, traumatologist, urologist or infectious disease specialist. At the first appointment, the doctor will listen carefully to the patient. The doctor will ask the patient several clarifying questions:
How long has a person been observing signs of asthenia?
What has he been ill with lately?
Did he have severe stress, emotional stress?
Does the patient feel a loss of energy after sleep?
Does your mood often change?
Is his job more difficult for him?
Are there sleep problems?
The patient’s answers help the specialist more quickly find out what caused the problem. To clarify the diagnosis, the doctor will definitely prescribe the patient an examination. The person will have to pass a blood and urine test, undergo an ultrasound examination of internal organs, do an ECG of the heart, fluorography, and an MRI of the brain. After receiving the results of these examinations, the doctor can say exactly what is the cause of the patient’s pathological fatigue.
Very rarely, a patient can cope with such a syndrome on his own. If you are worried about asthenia, then it is better to entrust the treatment to professionals. If the syndrome appears against the background of other diseases developing in the body, then therapy begins with the elimination of its root cause. The sooner you manage to cope with the main ailment, the sooner the symptoms of asthenia go away. In cases where the syndrome appeared after recovery or against a background of stress, the patient is prescribed medication, which mainly consists of taking:
In some cases, the patient may also be prescribed antidepressants. The drugs and their dosage are selected for the patient by a neurologist, psychotherapist or psychiatrist. Whatever asthenia is provoked, its treatment should be comprehensive. Doctors strongly recommend:
refuse to take alcoholic beverages;
observe the optimal mode of work and rest;
follow a fortified diet;
avoid nervous strain.
Patients with such a disease as asthenia are shown spa treatment. A change of scenery, tourist trips and just a long vacation can significantly improve a person’s condition.
Asthenia can occur in absolutely any person. However, there are a number of simple measures that can help prevent this problem from occurring. Prevention of asthenia includes:
maintaining a healthy lifestyle;
rejection of bad habits;
adherence to proper sleep patterns.
If you do not want to be bothered by asthenia, promptly begin treatment of diseases when the first symptoms appear. Even if an ailment arises, you can cope with it quickly enough if you enlist the help of specialists.