According to official medical statistics, atheroma is considered one of the most common diseases in the field of dermatology and cosmetology. To most people, it is known as “wen”. At its core, this pathology is a benign cystic formation. It occurs as a result of a violation of the process of outflow of the secretion of the sebaceous gland. This is due to blockage. Atheroma can occur in a person at any age, it also does not depend on gender. This neoplasm practically does not lend itself to conservative treatment. It can only be removed by surgery.
Symptoms of skin atheroma
The clinical picture of the pathology is quite clear. Outwardly, atheroma looks like a movable capsule. In shape, it is usually round or oval. The inside contains a thick yellow content. It often has an unpleasant odor. Another distinctive feature is a superficial location and a well-visible excretory duct in the center. Atheroma is localized most often in areas with a large number of sebaceous glands, namely:
in the armpits;
in the neck;
on the scalp;
on the earlobes;
in the groin;
on the back and chest.
Quite rarely, atheroma of the skin occurs on the fingers, legs and mammary glands. It is worth saying that this formation is completely painless on palpation. Unpleasant sensations can occur only with suppuration. In this case, the skin in the affected area becomes reddened and swollen. The person’s health worsens, and the body temperature rises. The greasy substance accumulated inside turns into pus. Atheroma is prone to spontaneous opening, and then, under pressure, its contents can come out.
Causes of occurrence
Such a neoplasm occurs, as a rule, under the influence of a number of provoking factors. Most often, the cause of the formation of atheroma is a violation of the metabolic process. It is this condition that leads to a pathological change in the nature of the secretion of the sebaceous glands. The following disorders contribute to the appearance of this capsule:
excessively oily skin;
pathological thickening of the epidermis;
violation of the natural sloughing of dead skin cells;
Unfavorable environmental living conditions are also considered one of the most common provoking factors for the development of atheroma. Also at risk are people who are prone to frequent skin trauma. Often, “wen” is diagnosed in people with disorders of the excretory system of the body. In addition, the causes of atheroma can be hidden in non-observance of the rules of personal hygiene and the use of cosmetic preparations that too clog the natural duct of the sebaceous gland, in particular, antiperspirant deodorants.
Which doctor should I go to?
According to experts, atheromas on the skin are not particularly harmful to health. They mainly represent a cosmetic defect. However, with prolonged existence, suppuration is possible. As a result of this process, an abscess is formed. In order to prevent this from happening, you should visit a specialized specialist in time. To assist in establishing the cause of the appearance of atheroma and its further removal will be able to:
But before the doctor begins to examine the neoplasm, he must conduct an oral questioning of the patient. During the conversation, the doctor will ask:
How long have you noticed education?
Do you feel pain when feeling it? Is it mobile?
Does the temperature of atheroma differ from the rest of the body?
Do you suffer from excessive oily skin?
Do you feel faint or other unpleasant sensations?
Also, during the initial examination, the doctor will palpate the formation. Then the specialist will recommend the patient to undergo laboratory and instrumental examinations. One of the most informative is the histological examination of the tissues of atheroma and its fluid. After receiving the test results, you can begin to remove the neoplasm.